Text extracted from opening pages of book: CARIBBEAN INTERESTS OF THE UNITED STATES to ELLEN C. LLOYD JONES AND JANE LLOYD JONES PREFACE THE domestic political problems of the United States and the development of natural resources have so occupiedMoreText extracted from opening pages of book: CARIBBEAN INTERESTS OF THE UNITED STATES to ELLEN C.
LLOYD JONES AND JANE LLOYD JONES PREFACE THE domestic political problems of the United States and the development of natural resources have so occupied the attention of its people that the importance of foreign rela tions has not been appreciated. Even at the present time, though the Republic is no longer in a position of splendid isolation either politically or economically, the average American citizen does not realize the importance of his coun trys relations with other nations, especially with its Ameri can neighbors.
One of the most striking illustrations of this failure is the slight attention given in normal times to the political and economic bonds with the republics and colonies of the Caribbean region. The twentieth century is bringing there a steady in crease of American influence, both political and economic, a development more keenly realized in the Caribbean than in the United States. The European colonies, with but few excep tions, feel that their own position in relation to other countries must be largely influenced by the effect which any measures proposed will have upon their relations with the United States.
The independent republics, not without misgivings it is true, are finding that their interests are becoming identified with those of their powerful northern neighbor. But the citizens of the United States, on the other hand, do not recognize the importance of the Caribbean for their coun try. They are unaware that counting its colonies and protec torates together their country has under its supervision in the Caribbean a population greater than that of the thirteen colonies at the time of the Declaration of Independence. Just as little is it realized that during the last five years the United States has been in active negotiation for the creation of pro-Til tfii PREFACE tectoratea over other territories with a population almost as great Nor is the dominance of the United States in Caribbean trade any better known.
We are, with a few exceptions, the best customer of these communities. In the greater number we hold the most important position in their import trade. Steamship connections with North America are unequaled by those of any other region, and in the Caribbean ships sailing under the American flag occupy a place in foreign trade more important than on any other seas. This primacy of the United States in Caribbean trade is not one in a commerce which is of small or stationary amount. This region is one of the chief sources of American raw-material imports, and the rapidity of the growth of its commerce exceeds that of the trade with any of the great continental divisions.
The object of this book is to present in popular form a brief outline of the more important political and economic de velopments in these countries which have a bearing upon the foreign policy and commerce of the United States. Obviously, a volume covering so wide a field cannot be an exhaustive dis cussion. The most that can be done is to present the salient outlines of the developments traced.
The substance of two of the chapters on the International Importance of the Banana Trade and Oil on the Caribbean 9 has appeared as articles in the North American Review. The editors have kindly consented to their republication here. CHESTER LLOYD JONES* University of Wisconsin.CONTENTS FACU I. THE INTERNATIONAL IMPORTANCE OF THE CARIB BEAN x II. GROWING INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE CARIBBEAN 17 III. RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES WITH THE BRIT ISH WEST INDIES.
THE LARGER ISLANDS . 33 IV. RELATIONS OF THE? UNITED STATES WITH THE BRIT ISH WEST INDIES. THE SMALLER ISLANDS AND MAINLAND COLONIES 47 V. THE MINOR COLONIES OF THE CARIBBEAN 68 VI. CUBA AND ITS RELATIONS TO THE UNITED STATES .
80 VII. THE REGENERATION OF PORTO Rico 98 VIII. OUR RESPONSIBILITIES IN THE DOMINICAN REPUB LIC * 106 IX. THE HAITIAN PROTECTORATE . 125 X. THE RELATIO